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College for Appraisers
Glass II – American Glass
A 24 hour Course – On Campus and Distance Learning


This course provides an historical review of American Glass making with specific attention to important glass producers, designers and craftsmen. It is designed to develop competence in areas of America glass forms and makers – with special attention to Early American Pressed Glass, Brilliant Glass, Carnival Glass and Depression Glass – as well as a review of contemporary studio glass artisans. Particular focus is devoted to developing the skills and knowing the resources necessary to identify reproductions and understand the current marketplace for both appraisers and collectors.

Students will learn to use these strategies for identification, evaluation and valuing:

  • What is the object and its proper name
  • How to look at American glass and competently describe it
  • Techniques of production / Decorations
  • How to determine the makers
  • Shape, color, marks, use, condition
  • Important clues to spot reproductions
  • Best resources for identification – print, online, networking

This course is designed to develop the skills, judgment and competence to identify, evaluate and value American Glass items based on knowledge of producers, eras, forms and colors for the appraiser and collector.

This course includes two exams and three written appraisal reports. Grades are based on A (90 – 100); B (80 – 89); C (70 – 79). Students are expected to revise and re-submit any work receiving a Grade of C or below.

American Glass
, College for Appraisers
Depression Glass Line Drawings, College for Appraisers
Video Lectures

Course materials refer to standard reference books in the field of American Glass
Collectors Encylopedia of Depression Glass, 16 th Ed., Gene Florence, Collector Books
Elegant Glassware of the Depression Era, 10th Ed., Gene Florence, Collector Books
Kitchen Glassware of the Depression Years, Gene Florence, Collector Books
Collectible Glassware from the 40s, 50s, and 60s, Gene Florence, Collector Books

This is a vastly documented subject. Following are some solid references. Extensive bibliography and links to on-line resources are included in the class materials.
Colored Glassware of the Depression Era, Book 2, Hazel Marie Weatherman
Early American Pressed Glass, Ruth Webb Lee
Early American Pattern Glass, Jenks and Luna
Encyclopedia of Victorian Colored Pattern Glass, William Heacock
The Collector's Encyclopedia of Pattern Glass: A Pattern Guide to Early American Pressed Glass, Mollie Helen McCain

History of Early American Glass Production
Review of Glass, Techniques and History
  • Components and evolution of its chemistry
  • Production Techniques – History and Evolution
Early Glass production in America
  • Early Glass Making Techniques
  • European Roots and Influences
  • Three important 18th Century Glass Makers
19th Century expansion
Types of Glass Making Techniques
  • Blown
  • Molded
  • Pressed
  • Cut
  • Typical Forms: Bottles,
  • Typical Forms: Flasks, Jars

America's Contribution -- Pressed Pattern Glass
An Overview
Pressed Glass Makers
  • New England Glass
  • Boston and Sandwich
  • Hobbs, Brockunier and Co.
  • Heisy
  • King, Sons and Co
Pressed glass production - important periods
  • 1830 – 1840 Lacy Period
  • 1840 – 1870
  • 1870 – 1915 Golden Period
Important 19th Century Forms and Colors
Reproductions (and re-issues) since 1920

Carnival Glass
Carnival Glass defined – - “Poor Man’s Tiffany” ?
Overview of an Era – 1905 - 1925
Major Makers – their histories and products
  • Northwood and Millersburg
  • Other Important Makers: Cambridge, Consolidated, Dugan, Fenton, Imperial
Color is Considered
  • To Date and ID
  • An Important driver of price
Reproductions Abound – How to tell what you are looking at

American Cut Glass
Three Eras described – for dating and identification
1830 – 1876 – Early Period
1876 – 1906 American Brilliant Cut glass
1906 – 1916 Flower

Leaded Glass - Stained Glass, Paper Weights
Stained Glass comes to America, Louis Comfort Tiffany
Two Important designers and craftsmen: Arthur Nash, John LaFarge
  • Techniques, forms
  • Important Makers: Boston and Sandwich, New England Glass, Mount Washington

Depression Era Glass
  • Kitchen Glass
  • Patterns
  • Forms
  • Colors
  • Makers, Review 22 companies that made this kitchenware
  • Reproductions

  • Premium Glass / Elegant Depression Glass
  • Overview and historical context
  • Important Makers
  • High-end and middle class Markets
  • Collecting today - most popular patterns
  • Reproductions

An alphabetic Review of Important American Glass Makers 1900 to 1950
Akro to Westmoreland
Overview, History, Products, Collectiblity -
Akro, Agate, Aladdin, Belmont, Cambridge, Central, Duncan Miller, Federal, Fenton, Fry, Hazel – Atlas, Heisey, Hocking - Anchor Hocking, Imperial, Indiana, Jeanette, Jenkins, Lancaster, Libbey, Liberty Works, Lotus, Mac Beth Evans
, Mc Kee, New Martinsville, Paden City, L.E. Smith, Standard, Tiffin, U.S. Glass, Westmoreland

Contemporary Glass Artists

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