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College for Appraisers
Glass I – Art Glass of the World
A 24 hour Course – On Campus and Distance Learning



COURSE DESCRIPTION AND OBJECTIVES
An historical tour of Glass –from its development in the cradle of civilization to its most elegant expressions in Europe and its Golden Age in America. This course is designed to familiarize students with the features of art glass, to understand glass making techniques, to recognize quality of craftsmanship, and to evaluate condition to support identification and evaluation. To provide the widest familiarity with art glass available in the current market place, specific attention is devoted of the important art glass of the Victorian era through the 20th Century; attention is also be focused on contemporary art glass makers / studio artists. Continuing focus is given to learning to detect reproductions.

OBJECTIVES
Students will develop an understanding of:

  • The properties of glass and how these assist in identification and determining value
  • The elements of quality workmanship in art glass manufacture
  • The many particular designers and manufacturers and how to identify them through design characteristics, marks, etc. and learn to efficiently research these
  • How to detect reproductions, fakes and forgeries

GOALS
This course is designed to develop the skills, judgment and competence to identify, evaluate and value Art Glass items based on knowledge of producers, eras, forms and colors for the appraiser and collector.

COURSE REQUIREMENTS / GRADING
This course includes two exams and three written reports. Grades are based on A (90 – 100); B (80 – 89); C (70 – 79). Students are expected to revise and resubmit any work of C quality of less.

COURSE TEXTS
Art Glass of the World
, College for Appraisers
Video Lectures

SUPPORTING TEXTS
The Collector’s Encyclopedia of American Art Glass,
John Shuman

Recommended Texts
This is a vastly documented subject. Extensive Bibliography and links to on-line resources are included in the class materials. The following are excellent references:
The Glass of Frederick Carder, Paul V. Gardner, Crown Publishing
Antique Colored Glass, Keith Middlemas, Exeter Books, 1979
Wave Crest: Glass of CF Monroe, Wilfred Cohen, Collector Books
Pairpoint Glass, Leonard Padgett, Wallace-Homestead Book Co.
Masterpeices of American Glass, Jane Spillman
19
th Century Glass, Its Genesis and Development, Albert Christian, Revi, Schiffer Publishing

COURSE OUTLINE
Origins of Glass
Glass in Antiquity
  • Egypt
  • Syria
  • Rome
Glass Making
Its components and evolution of its chemistry
Production Techniques – Historical and through time:
  • Blown Glass
  • Molded Glass
  • Brilliant Cut Glass
  • Pressed Class
  • Decorations
  • Glass Marks
The geography of Glass manufacture through time
Map of glass production through history:
Middle Ages
Renaissance – 18
th Century
Overview and important dates to remember
Emergence and Histories of Important Glass Houses – 19th Century:
Owners, patrons and designers/makers
  • England
  • France
  • America
  • Germany, Bohemia
  • Holland
Some Great Designers and Craftsmen
  • Lalique
  • Lobmeyer
  • Locke
  • Carder
  • Nash
Art Glass – Tools for Identifying, Understanding and Evaluation
  • What it isHow to look at art glass and competently describe it
  • Techniques of production / decorations
  • How to determine the makers
  • shape, color, marks, use, condition
  • Influence of markets and history
  • Important clues to spot reproductions
  • Best resources for identification – print and online
Art Glasses of the World View and Overview – A – V
Using knowledge and tools above, review art glass from Albertine to Vasa Murrhina
Including:
Crown Milano, Frances Ware, Lalique, Lobmeyer, Loetz
Maize, Wave Crest, Nakara, Kelva
Moser, Nailsea, Mother of Pearl, Onyx
Pairpoint, Overlay, Peach Blow, Peloton
Phoenix, Pomona, Quezal
Rainbow, Royal Flemish, Satin Glass
Silvered, Mercury, Metal Encased
Silveria, Sinclaire, Steuben
Steigel, St. Louis-Baccarat, Tiffany
Note on the market today
Beyond the high-end auction sales – what’s being collected, sold, appraised
Contemporary studio glass artists

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